Automotive Blog Write For Us – They say that when we dare not ask a question, we look for it on the Internet. Perhaps this is why thousands of drivers turn to Google to satisfy their curiosity about plug-in vehicles. To save time, we answer 10 questions about electric cars that you (maybe) dare not ask.
Are all electric vehicles automatic?
Electric vehicles do not need a gearbox; they have a rev reduction system. The reason is how an electric motor works, offering the power and torque to drive the wheels directly.
And are plug-in hybrids also exclusively automatic?
In plug-in hybrid vehicles, using the thermal mode, you can opt for automatic driving or manually select the appropriate gear. The electric manner is always intuitive.
. Do they have an exhaust pipe?
Electric vehicles do not need an exhaust pipe since they do not have any type of combustion. However, in plug-in hybrid vehicles, the thermal engine does need this installation.
Can you manipulate an electric motor?
No. It is neither necessary nor convenient. The electrical system is identified by a specific orange colour and should only be handled by a specialist technician.
Does using the heating and lights affect battery consumption?
In an electric vehicle, everything works with the energy stored in the battery, from the engine to the heating, the lights or the music. Therefore, it affects us, and we must take it into account. In a plug-in hybrid vehicle, in electric mode, the circumstances are the same, and thermally it works with gasoline, it affects to a lesser extent.
Do they have less interior space than the same gasoline models?
When an electric vehicle is designed from the start as such, the battery is located in the lower part of the floor, which even allows the cabins to be more spacious. In plug-in hybrid vehicles, the battery is found in the available external spaces, is more minor and generally does not affect the passenger compartment.
Is there any risk with the electrical system in case of rain?
Not at all. In electric traction or hybrid electric traction vehicles, the high voltage system incorporates sufficient safety measures to make it completely safe. Many of these measures are gathered in the battery control unit that automatically disconnects the system in the event of any failure.
Is the fuel tank in a plug-in hybrid smaller?
Not necessarily. The usual thing is that it has a little less capacity, but since the vehicle is more efficient and has an electric mode, the total autonomy does not suffer.
What should be taken into account when charging the battery?
The battery charging process is as simple and safe as connecting an electrical appliance. You must have some instructions present, such as locking the doors or having the parking brake engaged, Additionally, pay attention to the light indications to know which process is followed: scheduled charging, charging or charging finished.
Do you have additional maintenance?
No. The electric traction system, in pure electric and plug-in hybrids, does not require specific maintenance. And concerning the heat engine, care is conventional, considering it works in much more favourable conditions.
Why do vehicles with the same displacement have different consumption?
The fact that the vehicles have the same cylinder capacity does not mean that the fuel consumption is similar. It all depends on the mechanical configuration and the type of engine. Different factors to consider for performance, such as technology, gear ratio, differential and aerodynamics. All these elements are relevant when calculating the fuel consumption of the vehicle. Adding these factors, we can determine that even though they have the same volumetric ratio, efficiency and performance vary.
Does height also affect turbocharged engines?
Atmospheric engines lose about 1% per hundred meters of altitude due to atmospheric pressure. However, the machines equipped with a turbo are not affected by the existing length in cities with these geographical characteristics because this system was created to raise the atmospheric pressure inside the block up to two or three times more.
Do ‘modern cars’ need to warm up before starting them?
When we talk about modern cars, we mean vehicles with electronic systems. Some manufacturers have developed mechanisms so that it is not necessary to warm up the cars, and they no longer have to wait a few minutes to start driving. The truth is that despite this, internal combustion engines need a few minutes beforehand to heat the fluids (oil and coolant) and metals to achieve the ideal operating temperature to avoid premature wear.
Does a new or overhauled motor need to be ‘break-in’ before use?
Despite the recommendations of your mechanic, the truth is that it is not optional but mandatory. While with repaired engines, it is enough to use it normally, but without demanding too much from the car since the rings do need to ‘seat’. In the case of the new engine, these are already tested at the factory, where the engineers turn them on and run them at high revs before installing them in the vehicle.
Why does the check engine light come on?
There’s a simple solution to one of the most common reasons for your check engine light to come on. If the tank cap was not in place the last time the tank was filled, this can affect the pressure in the fuel system and trigger the “Check Engine” warning.
First of all, try to close the fuel tank cap. If this is not enough, contact a mechanic. Since this indicator can indicate various problems, a mechanic is more likely to diagnose the problem. It could be a faulty catalytic converter, spark plugs, or lambda probe.
What is the correct tire pressure, and how often should I check it?
The correct tire pressure varies from vehicle to vehicle. It is essential to know what force is required for your car, as it can affect the safety and performance of the vehicle.
The manufacturer’s recommended tire pressure is found on a sticker, usually on the driver’s door. Always follow this figure, not the maximum pounds per square inch (psi) marked on the tire’s sidewall. Check the pressure once a month or every time you fill the tank.
How often should I change the oil?
In the past, drivers advised to change their oil every 5,000 km. This is no longer the norm, thanks to engine design innovations and oil formulation changes. Nowadays, manufacturers usually recommend changing the oil between 8,000 and 16,000 km, even when using synthetic oil.
Consult your car manual to find out what is best for your vehicle. Recommendations vary by make and model. The owner’s manual should indicate the frequency of oil changes, depending on the type of oil used and the frequency of displacements.
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